In the MYP, teaching and learning are centered on conceptual and contextual learning. These ideas help to provide meaning for student learning and help to make students aware of the world around them.
The IB has identified 16 concepts that are explored across all the subject groups in MYP. For each unit of inquiry, there is one key concept that is the focus. Key concepts: provide conceptual focus and depth to the topic under study; create an intellectual synergy between the factual and conceptual levels of thinking for the study; and pull the thinking beyond the specific topic to the broader context where understandings transfer through time, and across cultures.
*Taken from MYP: From Principles into Practice
In the MYP, learning contexts:
MYP classes choose from six Global Contexts to establish a real world framework for each unit of study. The Global Contexts and the applicable descriptors are:
Personal and cultural expression
An inquiry into the ways in which we discover and express ideas, feelings, nature, culture, beliefs and values; the ways in which we reflect on, extend and enjoy our creativity; our appreciation of the aesthetic
Globalization and sustainability
An inquiry into the interconnectedness of human-made systems and communities; the structure and function of organizations; societal decision-making; economic activities and their impact on humankind and the environment.
Orientation in time and space
An inquiry into orientation in place and time; personal histories; homes and journeys; the discoveries, explorations and migrations of humankind; the relationships between and the interconnectedness of individuals and civilizations, from local and global perspectives.
Fairness and development
An inquiry into rights and responsibilities in the struggle to share finite resources with other people and with other living things; communities and the relationships within and between them; access to equal opportunities; peace and conflict resolution
Identities and relationships
An inquiry into the nature of the self; beliefs and values; personal, physical, mental, social and spiritual health; human relationships including families, friends, communities, and cultures; rights and responsibilities; what it means to be human.
Scientific and technical innovation
An inquiry into the natural world and its laws; the interaction between the natural world (physical and biological) and human societies; how humans use their understanding of scientific principles; the impact of scientific and technological advances on society and on the environment.